Quick Answer: What Is Meant By Secondary Hypertension?

What is the difference between primary and secondary sources?

Primary sources can be described as those sources that are closest to the origin of the information.

Secondary sources often use generalizations, analysis, interpretation, and synthesis of primary sources.

Examples of secondary sources include textbooks, articles, and reference books..

Why does Cushing’s cause hypertension?

Glucocorticoids cause hypertension through several mechanisms: their intrinsic mineralocorticoid activity; through activation of the renin-angiotensin system; by enhancement of vasoactive substances, and by causing suppression of the vasodilatory systems.

What is secondary cause?

Secondary Causation is the philosophical proposition that all material and corporeal objects, having been created by God with their own intrinsic potentialities, are subsequently empowered to evolve independently in accordance with natural law.

What should I do if my blood pressure is 160 over 100?

Stage 2 high blood pressure is 160/100 or higher. If you get a blood pressure reading of 180/110 or higher more than once, seek medical treatment right away. A reading this high is considered “hypertensive crisis.” Readings between 120/80 and 139/89 are considered pre-hypertension.

What is difference between primary and secondary hypertension?

Primary (essential) hypertension is diagnosed in the absence of an identifiable secondary cause. Approximately 90-95% of adults with hypertension have primary hypertension, whereas secondary hypertension accounts for around 5-10% of the cases.

How common is secondary hypertension?

The prevalence of secondary hypertension and the most common etiologies vary by age group. Approximately 5 to 10 percent of adults with hypertension have a secondary cause. In young adults, particularly women, renal artery stenosis caused by fibromuscular dysplasia is one of the most common secondary etiologies.

What are the 2 types of hypertension?

There are two main types of high blood pressure: primary and secondary high blood pressure.Primary, or essential, high blood pressure is the most common type of high blood pressure. … Secondary high blood pressure is caused by another medical condition or use of certain medicines.

What medications can cause secondary hypertension?

Chemical substances and medicines that can cause high blood pressure include:Acetaminophen.Alcohol, amphetamines, ecstasy (MDMA and derivatives), and cocaine.Angiogenesis inhibitors (including tyrosine kinase inhibitors and monoclonal antibodies)Antidepressants (including venlafaxine, bupropion, and desipramine)More items…•

Why is my blood pressure suddenly high?

This type of high blood pressure, called secondary hypertension, tends to appear suddenly and cause higher blood pressure than does primary hypertension. Various conditions and medications can lead to secondary hypertension, including: Obstructive sleep apnea. Kidney problems.

What diseases cause secondary hypertension?

Secondary hypertension is high blood pressure caused by another condition or disease. Conditions that may cause secondary hypertension include kidney disease, adrenal disease, thyroid problems and obstructive sleep apnea.

How do you treat secondary hypertension?

TreatmentThiazide diuretics. Diuretics, sometimes called water pills, are medications that act on your kidneys to help your body eliminate sodium and water, reducing blood volume. … Beta blockers. … Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. … Angiotensin II receptor blockers. … Calcium channel blockers. … Direct renin inhibitors.

What foods cause high blood pressure?

What foods are high in sodium?Processed foods such as lunch meats, sausage, bacon, and ham.Canned soups, bouillon, dried soup mixes.Deli meats.Condiments (catsup, soy sauce, salad dressings).Frozen and boxed mixes for potatoes, rice, and pasta.Snack foods (pretzels, popcorn, peanuts, chips).More items…•

What does headache feel like with high blood pressure?

According to a paper in the Iranian Journal of Neurology, headaches due to high blood pressure typically occur on both sides of the head. The headache pain tends to pulsate and often gets worse with physical activity.

How do you diagnose hypertension?

Your doctor can diagnose hypertension by checking your blood pressure. It is a very simple test that takes only a few minutes. Usually an inflatable upper arm cuff with a gauge is used. Your doctor or other medical professional will slide the blood pressure cuff to just above your elbow on your bare arm.

What is the most common cause of secondary hypertension?

The prevalence and potential etiologies of secondary hypertension vary by age. The most common causes in children are renal parenchymal disease and coarctation of the aorta. In adults 65 years and older, atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis, renal failure, and hypothyroidism are common causes.