What Are The Classification Of Communicable Diseases?

How are communicable diseases classified?

Based on the mode of transmission of the infectious agent, communicable diseases can be classified as: Waterborne diseases: transmitted by ingestion of contaminated water.

Foodborne diseases: transmitted by the ingestion of contaminated food.

Airborne diseases: transmitted through the air..

What are the 10 communicable diseases?

List of Communicable DiseasesCRE.Ebola.Enterovirus D68.Flu.Hantavirus.Hepatitis A.Hepatitis B.HIV/AIDS.More items…

What is the meaning of communicable?

capable of being easily communicated or transmitted: communicable information; a communicable disease.

What are the communicable diseases and their causes?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi. … Parasites.

What are 3 communicable diseases?

Some examples of reportable communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles, and blood-borne illnesses. Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.

What are the characteristics of communicable diseases?

Communicable diseases (sometimes grouped with infectious diseases) are diseases that are contagious, which means they can be spread from one person or species to another. They can be caused by viruses, bacteria, protozoa, or fungi.

Is leptospirosis a communicable disease?

Exposure through water contaminated by urine from infected animals is the most common route of infection. Human-to-human transmission is rare.

What are the 8 modes of transmission?

The modes (means) of transmission are: Contact (direct and/or indirect), Droplet, Airborne, Vector and Common Vehicle. The portal of entry is the means by which the infectious microorganisms gains access into the new host.

Is flu a communicable disease?

Influenza, commonly called “the flu,” is a contagious disease caused by viruses that infect the respiratory tract, including nose, throat, and lungs. It can cause severe illness and life-threatening complications in many people including the elderly.

What are the 5 stages of communicable diseases?

The five periods of disease (sometimes referred to as stages or phases) include the incubation, prodromal, illness, decline, and convalescence periods (Figure 2). The incubation period occurs in an acute disease after the initial entry of the pathogen into the host (patient).

What are the four ways of controlling communicable diseases?

Learn these healthy habits to protect yourself from disease and prevent germs and infectious diseases from spreading.Handle & Prepare Food Safely. … Wash Hands Often. … Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces. … Cough & Sneeze Into Your Sleeve. … Don’t Share Personal Items. … Get Vaccinated. … Avoid Touching Wild Animals.More items…

What is the most common communicable disease?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

What are communicable and noncommunicable diseases?

Non-communicable diseases are the diseases that are not transferred from an infected person to another via any means and are mostly caused by factors like improper lifestyle and eating habits. Also called. Communicable diseases are also known as infectious diseases.

What are some examples of communicable diseases direct?

Examples are chicken pox, common cold, conjunctivitis (Pink Eye), Hepatitis A and B, herpes simplex (cold sores), influenza, measles, mononucleosis, Fifth disease, pertussis, adeno/rhino viruses, Neisseria meningitidis and mycoplasma pneumoniae.

What are communicable diseases explain with examples?

person or animal to another, either directly through body fluids or discharge, or indirectly through surfaces, substances or vectors like flies or mosquitoes.” Some examples of communicable diseases include influenza, mumps, chickenpox, hepatitis A and tuberculosis (TB).

What are the 4 types of communicable diseases?

Communicable diseasesInfluenza. Norovirus. Mumps. Tuberculosis.Pertussis. Zika virus. West Nile virus.Ebola. Chikungunya virus. Coronavirus (COVID-19)

What is a communicable illness?

Communicable diseases, also known as infectious diseases or transmissible diseases, are illnesses that result from the infection, presence and growth of pathogenic (capable of causing disease) biologic agents in an individual human or other animal host.

What is the easiest way to prevent communicable disease?

Learn, practice, and teach healthy habits.#1 Handle & Prepare Food Safely. Food can carry germs. … #2 Wash Hands Often. … #3 Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces. … #4 Cough and Sneeze into a Tissue or Your Sleeve. … #5 Don’t Share Personal Items. … #6 Get Vaccinated. … #7 Avoid Touching Wild Animals. … #8 Stay Home When Sick.

What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

Alzheimer’s Disease.Cancer.Epilepsy.Osteoarthritis.Osteoporosis.Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke)Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)Coronary Artery Disease.More items…

Who is at risk for communicable diseases?

Key risk factors include crowded conditions, forced displacement, poor quality shelter, poor water, sanitation and hygiene, lack of healthcare facilities and lack of adequate surveillance.