What Is Another Word For Myocardial Infarction?

What is the definition of a myocardial infarction?

The term “myocardial infarction” focuses on the myocardium (the heart muscle) and the changes that occur in it due to the sudden deprivation of circulating blood.

The main change is necrosis (death) of myocardial tissue..

What are the 5 types of myocardial infarction?

The five types of acute MI compose five separate situations that produce myocardial ischemia and myocardial-cell death:A primary coronary event, such as plaque rupture or dissection.A problem of oxygen supply and demand, such as coronary spasm, coronary embolism, arrhythmia, anemia, or hypotension.More items…•

How is myocardial infarction diagnosed?

How is acute myocardial infarction diagnosed?a stress test to see how your heart responds to certain situations, such as exercise.an angiogram with coronary catheterization to look for areas of blockage in your arteries.an echocardiogram to help identify areas of your heart that aren’t working properly.

What is the fourth universal definition of myocardial infarction?

MI is defined as acute myocardial injury with clinical evidence of myocardial ischemia. … The diagnosis of myocardial ischemia involves application of the physician’s clinical judgment to the patient’s clinical circumstances.

What is a Type 2 heart attack?

Type 2: A heart attack occurring when the heart needs more oxygen than it can get. This type of heart attack is an oxygen demand problem, resulting from higher need for blood flow.

What is the layman’s term for myocardial infarction?

Myocardial infarction, the medical term for heart attack, literally means “heart tissue damage or death.” Heart attacks most commonly occur when one or more of the coronary arteries — a network of blood vessels that supply blood to the heart — become blocked.

What is the difference between a heart attack and a myocardial infarction?

This blood clot can block the blood flow through the artery to the heart muscle. Ischemia results when the heart muscle is starved for oxygen and nutrients. When damage or death of part of the heart muscle occurs as a result of ischemia, it’s called a heart attack, or myocardial infarction (MI).

What is a mild heart attack called?

A “mild heart attack” is a common way of referring to what physicians call a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction, or NSTEMI. (This indicates how the heartbeat looks on an electrocardiogram).

What is a Type 2 myocardial infarction?

Type 2 myocardial infarction (MI) is defined by a rise and fall of cardiac biomarkers and evidence of ischemia without unstable coronary artery disease (CAD), due to a mismatch in myocardial oxygen supply and demand. Myocardial injury is similar but does not meet clinical criteria for MI.

How long can you live with myocardial infarction?

About 68.4 per cent males and 89.8 per cent females still living have already lived 10 to 14 years or longer after their first infarction attack; 27.3 per cent males, 15 to 19 years; and 4.3 per cent, 20 years or longer; of the females, one is alive 15 years, one 23 years and one 25 years or longer.

What does myocardial mean?

[mi″o-kahr´de-al] pertaining to the muscular tissue of the heart (the myocardium). myocardial infarction (MI) death of the cells of an area of the heart muscle (myocardium) as a result of oxygen deprivation, which in turn is caused by obstruction of the blood supply; commonly referred to as a “heart attack.”

What is another name for myocardial infarction?

A myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.

What is the drug of choice for myocardial infarction?

The pain of myocardial infarction is usually severe and requires potent opiate analgesia. Intravenous diamorphine 2.5–5 mg (repeated as necessary) is the drug of choice and is not only a powerful analgesic but also has a useful anxiolytic effect.

What are the warning signs of a myocardial infarction?

SymptomsPressure, tightness, pain, or a squeezing or aching sensation in your chest or arms that may spread to your neck, jaw or back.Nausea, indigestion, heartburn or abdominal pain.Shortness of breath.Cold sweat.Fatigue.Lightheadedness or sudden dizziness.

Can you survive a myocardial infarction?

Acute myocardial infarction (MI) is associated with a 30% mortality rate; about 50% of the deaths occur prior to arrival at the hospital. An additional 5-10% of survivors die within the first year after their myocardial infarction.